Determining the relationship between food texture and dental condition: First bite and chewing aspects

Aktar T., Karci B., Citir Yucel H., ERGİN ZEREN F.

Archives of Oral Biology, vol.141, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 141
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.archoralbio.2022.105483
  • Journal Name: Archives of Oral Biology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Keywords: anterior, dental condition, food texture, Hardness perception, posterior
  • Akdeniz University Affiliated: Yes


© 2022 Elsevier LtdAmong the sensory properties of foods, texture perception is a complex modality due to catastrophic changes during eating. Relating dental conditions and capacity of texture sensation are still paucities in the literature. Different dental areas emphasize the difference in texture sensation. Anterior teeth are responsible for biting, ripping or tearing; while posterior teeth are chewing and grinding. Hence, the absence of any is expected to cause disruptions in mastication functions. The hypothesis of the present study was dental loss or missing is a burden for hardness perception for first-bite and twice chewed for anterior and posterior teeth, respectively. Patient groups were divided according to anterior-posterior tooth deficiencies and hardness sensation was assessed at first bite and twice chewed modal food (white cheese) with various hardness levels obtained with different fat content. The modal food was tested for its physicochemical, textural and sensory properties with dental assessment. Findings suggest that first-bite hardness judgements were not affected by the loss of the anterior. Oppositely, twice chewed hardness has a significant effect on the loss of a posterior tooth. These findings can indicate to future researchers to be tested according to their dental status especially if chewing is necessary for their sensory tests.