The Mediating Effect of Organizational Justice Perception onthe Relationship between Ethical Leadership and WorkplaceDeviant Behaviors

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Tufan C., Namal M. K., Arpat B., Yeşil Y., Mert İ. S.

SUSTAINABILITY, vol.15, pp.1-16, 2023 (SCI-Expanded)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 15
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.3390/su15021342
  • Journal Name: SUSTAINABILITY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, Aerospace Database, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, CAB Abstracts, Communication Abstracts, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, Geobase, INSPEC, Metadex, Veterinary Science Database, Directory of Open Access Journals, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-16
  • Akdeniz University Affiliated: Yes


Abstract: The present study examines whether there is a relationship between the ethical leadership (EL), organizational justice perception (OJP), and deviant behaviors (WDB) of customs officers working at international airports in Turkey, and aims to determine whether OJP has a mediating effect on the relationship between EL and WDB. For this purpose, the study was conducted on the 487 customs officers working at 28 airports open to international flights in Turkey. In this study, which was carried out with the quantitative method, the obtained data were analyzed with struc‐ tural equation modeling (SEM). The results showed that EL had a direct and significant effect on OJP. On the other hand, OJP had a negative direct, and significant effect on deviant workplace be‐ haviors. Moreover, there was no direct and consequential effect of EL on WDB. In addition, EL in‐ directly affected WDB through OJP, and the OJP had a full mediation effect between these two var‐ iables. The findings were interpreted by using social exchange theory. This study develops our un‐ derstanding of the organization‐level antecedents of WDB and mediating role of OJP as the social mechanism of EL. In the Conclusion section of the study, some theoretical conclusions are dis‐ cussed, and recommendations are offered for customs managers.