Citrus peel extract incorporated ice cubes to protect the quality of common pandora Fish storage in ice with citrus

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Yerlikaya P., Ucak I., GÜMÜŞ B., GÖKOĞLU N.

JOURNAL OF FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY-MYSORE, vol.52, no.12, pp.8350-8356, 2015 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 52 Issue: 12
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s13197-015-1942-9
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.8350-8356
  • Keywords: Pagellus erythrinus, Common pandora, Grapefruit, Bitter orange, Ice storage, SHELF-LIFE, FLAVONOIDS, PARADISI, JUICE
  • Akdeniz University Affiliated: Yes


The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of ice with albedo and flavedo fragments of Citrus (Grapefruit (Citrus paradisi) and Bitter orange (Citrus aurantium L.)) extracts on the quality of common pandora (Pagellus erythrinus). Concentrated citrus extracts were diluted with distilled water (1/100 w/v) before making of ice. The ice cubes were spread on each layer of fishes and stored at 0 A degrees C for 15 days. The pH value showed a regular increase in all samples. TVB-N levels of bitter orange treatment groups were recorded lower than the other groups reaching to 25.11 A +/- 0.02 mg/100 g at the end of the storage. The TMA-N values of bitter orange treatment groups were lower than that of control and grapefruit treatment groups. In terms of TBARS value, alteration was observed in the control samples and this value significantly (p < 0.01) increased from 0.101 A +/- 0.011 mg MA/kg to 0.495 A +/- 0.083 mg MA/kg, while remained lower in the citrus extracts treatment groups at the end of storage since their antioxidant capacity. The oxidation was suppressed in citrus extracts treatment groups, especially in bitter orange flavedo treatment. The results showed the bitter orange albedo and bitter orange flavedo extracts in combination with ice storage have more effectiveness in controlling the biochemical indices in common pandora.