Power or Phenomena? Landscape Change in Time; Korkuteli Case in Antalya, Turkey

ATİK M., Bıçakçı S., Oktay H. E.

ECLAS European Council of Landscape Architecture Schools Conference, Poland, 1 - 04 September 2008, pp.24-27

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Country: Poland
  • Page Numbers: pp.24-27
  • Akdeniz University Affiliated: Yes


Landscape is a pictorial representation of natural and cultural qualities of an area. Change on the other hand is to become different in form, content or appearance, while landscape change can be defined as changes in the character, structure and function of the landscape within a time span.

Landscape change happens in different forms such as changes in the appearance of the landscape, changes in the structure of the landscape, changes in the status of the landscape and changes in our opinion about the landscape. Here change in ‘appearance’ is the very first stage of the conversion that differences in the landscape has become visually obvious.

Time is an observed phenomenon or duration in which all things happen in a precise instant. Units in measuring time may include hour, day, week, month or year. Temporal alterations in the landscape strongly reflect on recognisable and consistent pattern of landscape characters like colour, form or pattern. Colouring effect in the vegetation is one distinct character in the landscape that becomes visible trough seasonal changes which has been inspiring for poets, artists, musicians and painters for many years as a symbol of life span and vitality in the landscape. However, unnatural forces of land use changes and land exploitation cause great transformation in the landscape and significant changes between past and present.

In this study, landscape change in time was assessed in Korkuteli District in Antalya, Turkey. Different landscape types such as urban, rural, agricultural, water and forest were chosen for the study. Landscape change was observed in three time scale: between 1964 and 2011; between autumn, winter, spring and summer and finally between morning, noon and evening. A standardised field observation form based on four main evaluation criteria such as land cover, visual features, landscape perception, buildings and architecture was used for the assessment of temporal landscape change in Korkuteli.

Study results revealed that landscape changes have different merits according to time scale of years, seasons and hours. However nature of the change on selected criteria would provide a common ground whether such changes are a phenomena or power for the landscape.