ACL reconstruction with tendon allografts: Review of the current knowledge

Ozenci A., Gur S.

EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF SPORTS TRAUMATOLOGY AND RELATED RESEARCH, vol.23, no.4, pp.152-155, 2001 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 23 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2001
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED)
  • Page Numbers: pp.152-155
  • Keywords: ACL reconstruction, allograft, fresh-frozen, arthroscopy, ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT, AUTOGRAFT, FRESH, GRAFT, KNEE
  • Akdeniz University Affiliated: No


ACL reconstruction rather than the primary repair is the method of choice in ACL insufficiency since the importance of the knee stability to the function of the knee has been thoroughly understood. Although the use of autogencic tendon tissue is believed to have some advantages over the allogeneic grafts, graft availability, donor site morbidity, and longer operation time are the major concerns when an autogencic graft is preferred for ACL reconstruction. The use of allogeneic tendon grafts has gained wider acceptance with the advent of modern tissue banks, high-tech sterilization and preservation methods and precise donor screening. Advantages of allogeneic tissue use include shorter operation time, smaller insicion, decreased surgical morbidity and the graft availability independent of previous knee operations. Also, reports suggesting the mid-term results relatively equivalent to those obtained with the autografts encouraged its use in ACL reconstruction. Disadvantages of allogeneic graft use include the risk of disease transmission. The physician should thoroughly understand the advantages and disadvantages of the graft that is planned to use and should customize the method of reconstruction according to the patient's expectations. (C) 2001, Editrice Kurtis.