Prevalence of cerebrovascular disease: A door-to-door survey in West Anatolia

Öncel Ç., Tokgöz F., Bozkurt A. İ., Erdoǧan Ç.

Neurological Sciences, vol.35, no.3, pp.373-377, 2014 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 35 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10072-013-1521-7
  • Journal Name: Neurological Sciences
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.373-377
  • Keywords: Cerebrovascular disease, Denizli, Prevalence, Risk factors, Turkey
  • Akdeniz University Affiliated: Yes


The aim of this study was to demonstrate the prevalence of cerebrovascular disease (CVD), and its relation to age, education, gender, and other risk factors in the city of Denizli, Turkey. The study was performed between 2010 and 2011 in the city center, where 138,000 inhabitants >45 years were included in the research. 2,441 inhabitants were selected by cluster sampling method. A specific questionnaire about CVD was employed during the interview. We inquired about patient's age, gender, and educational history. If there was suspicion of CVD, cranial imaging was performed, and recent medical records were re-evaluated. The mean age was 58 ± 10.1 (45-100) among 2,441 in this study. Of those, 1,257 (51.5 %) participants were female and 1,184 (48.5 %) were male. We found the prevalence of CVD to be 0.9 % with 0.68 % among males and 1.21 % among females (p = 0.023). The mean age of subjects with CVD was 72.4 ± 8.1 (56-86) years. CVD was found to increase with age (p = 0.001), but was lower than reported rates in other European countries; however, it was similar to that of Mediterranean countries. CVD was detected more frequently in women than men. This finding differed from other studies, but was first to evaluate the prevalence of CVD in Turkey. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Italia.