The effect of reactive oxidant generation in acute exercise-induced proteinuria in trained and untrained rats

Gunduz F., Senturk U.

EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY, vol.90, no.5-6, pp.526-532, 2003 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 90 Issue: 5-6
  • Publication Date: 2003
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00421-003-0888-1
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.526-532
  • Keywords: antioxidants, proteinuria, reactive oxygen species, vitamin C, vitamin E, SUPEROXIDE-DISMUTASE, POSTEXERCISE PROTEINURIA, OXIDATIVE STRESS, KIDNEY, NEPHRITIS, HUMANS, AUTOXIDATION, INJURY
  • Akdeniz University Affiliated: Yes


Exercise-induced proteinuria is a common consequence of physical activity, although its mechanism is not clear. We investigated whether free radicals generated during exercise play a role in post-exercise proteinuria in sedentary and treadmill-running trained rats, separately. Sedentary and trained rats were randomly divided into four sub-groups: control, antioxidant treatment, exhaustive exercise and an exhaustive exercise plus antioxidant treatment group. Antioxidant therapy was applied by intragastric catheter for 4 weeks with vitamin C (ascorbic acid, 50 and vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol, 20 Twenty-four-hour urine samples were used for measuring protein levels and protein electrophoresis. Thiobarbituric acid (TBARS) and glutathione (GSH) levels, superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) activities were assayed in blood and tissues. Increased urinary protein levels and mixed type proteinuria in electrophoresis were identified after exhaustive exercise in sedentary rats. Erythrocyte, kidney and muscle TBARS levels were significantly elevated in this group. Antioxidant treatment prevented the increase in urinary protein levels, TBARS levels and the occurrence of mixed type proteinuria after exhaustive exercise in sedentary rats. Exhaustive exercise in trained rats resulted in elevation of urine protein levels and mixed type proteinuria although kidney TBARS levels were not changed compared to those of the trained controls. Antioxidant therapy in trained and exhausted-trained animals resulted in decreased TBARS levels in the kidney but it did not affect urinary-increased protein levels or electrophoresis in exhausted animals. This findings suggest that the exercise-induced oxidant stress may contribute to post-exercise proteinuria in sedentary rats. However, this mechanism may not be responsible for proteinuria in trained rats.