© 2018 Cyprus International University. All Rights Reserved.Yaşar Kemal who is one of the master and distinctive writers of Turkish literature (1923-2015) has an important place in our literature with his many works. The writer who collected his stories in his book Sarı Sıcak has many novels. İnce Memed, Teneke, Ölmez Otu, Dağın ÖteYüzü, Demirciler Çarşısı Cinayeti, Ağrı Dağı Efsanesi, Binboğalar Efsanesi, Karıncanın Su İçtiği, Tek Kanatlı Bir Kuş are some of his novels. May They Kill the Snake (YılanıÖldürseler) which is the subject of this research is a novel of Yaşar Kemal that was published in 1976 for the first time. It has been published many times and was adapted to cinema. In May They Kill the Snake which is based on a real event, Yaşar Kemal tells the story of a little child who was pushed to crime step by step by his family and relatives. There is a tight connection between literary work and society. May They Kill the Snake is a reflection of thinking, behaviours and acts of a specific part of society. In this research, the novel May They Kill the Snake is analysed with qualitative research methods from the perspective of crime - environment relation and child criminality.