Assessment of factors and father-infant attachment levels among Turkish's fathers of preterm infants


Journal of Pediatric Nursing, vol.64, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 64
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.pedn.2021.12.027
  • Journal Name: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, ASSIA, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, DIALNET
  • Keywords: Neonatal intensive care unit, Paternal-infant attachment, Pediatric nursing, Preterm
  • Akdeniz University Affiliated: Yes


© 2022 Elsevier Inc.Purpose: Identify the factors affecting father-infant attachment among Turkishs fathers of preterm infants. Design and methods: This cross-sectional study included 63 fathers of preterm infants between the ages of 6-12 months. Data were collected using the Father-Infant Descriptive Information Form and the Paternal-Infant Attachment Scale (PIAS). Descriptive statistics, independent sample t-tests, mann-whitney test, the kruskal wallis test, the tamhane test, spearman correlation analysis, and linear stepwise regression were used to evaluate the data. Results: The average PIAS scores of the fathers in the study was 62.97 ± 8.94. A statistically significant difference was found between the birth weight, clinical picture, and length of stay in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) and PIAS total score of preterm infants (p < 0.01). There was a significant difference between the unplanned hospitalization of the baby after discharge and the father's changing the baby's clothes and the PIAS score (p < 0.05). Birth weight and unplanned hospitalization explained 31% of PIAS total score. Conclusions: According to the results, father-infant attachment levels of fathers of preterm infants were low. Father's involvement in changing the baby's clothes, preterm birth weight, clinical picture, and length of stay in the NICU were found to be associated with PIAS. Practical implications: It should be remembered that babies can be attached to their fathers as much as they are to their mothers. NICU nurses should initiate father-infant interaction early and ensure fathers' involvement in infant care in the NICU.