ASSESSMENT OF ORAL HEALTH IN PERITONEAL DIALYSIS PATIENTS WITH AND WITHOUT DIABETES MELLITUS


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Eltas A., Tozoglu U., Keles M., Canakci V.

PERITONEAL DIALYSIS INTERNATIONAL, vol.32, no.1, pp.81-85, 2012 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 32 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Doi Number: 10.3747/pdi.2010.00113
  • Journal Name: PERITONEAL DIALYSIS INTERNATIONAL
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.81-85
  • Keywords: Diabetes mellitus, oral health, saliva, STAGE RENAL-DISEASE, HEMODIALYSIS-PATIENTS, PERIODONTAL-DISEASE, SALIVARY FUNCTION, DRY MOUTH, FAILURE, MANIFESTATIONS, INFLAMMATION, SURVIVAL
  • Akdeniz University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

The incidence of chronic renal failure continues to rise worldwide, and although the oral and dental changes in individuals with this condition have been examined, investigations with diabetic peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients are limited. We therefore examined salivary pH, dry mouth, taste change, and mucosal ulceration in diabetic and nondiabetic uremic patients receiving PD. A total of 49 patients undergoing PD therapy were allocated to either the diabetic or the nondiabetic group. Salivary pH, dry mouth, taste change, and mucosal ulceration were determined for both groups. Salivary flow rate and pH were both lower in the diabetic group. Buffer capacity, dry mouth, taste change, and mucosal ulceration were all increased in that group. These findings were associated with level of glycosylated hemoglobin A1c. Our observations indicate that, compared with nondiabetic PD patients, patients with diabetes exhibit more severe oral uremic symptoms, including dry mouth, burning mouth syndrome, taste change, and mucosal ulcerations. The oral health in these patients should be followed.