Our aim was to determine the effect of cervical dilatation at non-labour caesarean section on post-operative pain and maternal morbidity. This prospective, randomised, single-blinded trial was conducted from March 2013 to February 2014. In all, 199 patients were enrolled in the study: 102 in non-dilated group and 97 in cervical dilatation group. Based on Visual Analogue Scale, there were no significant differences between the two groups on post-operative 8th, 24th and 48th hour pain scores. We observed thinner endometrial cavity thickness, shorter operation time and shorter hospitalisation duration in cervical dilatation group. However, change in haemoglobin concentrations and puerperal fever rates were found to be comparable between the groups. In conclusion, intra-operative cervical dilatation does not seem to benefit in terms of post-operative pain, change in haemoglobin concentrations or puerperal fever.