Explicit dynamics simulation of Pecan fruit deformation under compressive loadingPart-2: Explicit dynamics simulation procedure


JOURNAL OF FOOD PROCESS ENGINEERING, vol.40, no.6, 2017 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 40 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/jfpe.12582
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Akdeniz University Affiliated: Yes


This study, which is divided into two parts, introduces an explicit dynamics simulation procedure for Pecan fruit (Carya illinoinensis) deformation under compressive loading. This second part of the study covers a microstructure investigation for the inner structure of the Pecan fruit components, discussions on the material models used in FEM-based simulation, and the explicit dynamics simulation procedures. An application algorithm based on experimental and theoretical methods is described in the study. Visual understanding and/or presenting a detailed description of the deformation behavior/characteristics for agricultural products through analytical calculations or/and physical experiments is a complicated phenomenon. Most especially, this phenomenon becomes more complicated for shelled edible agricultural products under varying loading cases. Numerical method based advanced engineering simulation techniques may be useful for a deeper visual understanding of agricultural product deformation behavior/characteristics. A major focus of the second part of the study detailed in this paper is finite element method (FEM) based explicit dynamics simulation procedures and the realistic representation of time dependant nonlinear deformation of Pecan fruit (kernel-in-shell) under a two plate compression loading case. Simulation results pointed out that the maximum equivalent stress values were 18.10, 11.50, and 1.14MPa for whole Pecan fruit (kernel-in-shell), the shell and the kernel respectively. The stress values on the kernel were beyond the defined damage point of the kernel material (0.380MPa). This indicated a permanent deformation/damage on the kernel at the end of the defined compression case. This study contributes to further research into the utilization of nonlinear explicit dynamics based deformation simulation studies for shelled edible agricultural products.