Determination of Hazard Levels of Natural Areas not Opened for Intensive Use in Tourism in ANTALYA Province with Hybrid SWARA-MOORA Technique

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JOURNAL OF GEOGRAPHY-COGRAFYA DERGISI, no.41, pp.77-91, 2020 (ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.26650/jgeog2020-0059
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.77-91
  • Keywords: Tourism and environment, natural area, multicriteria decision making, CONSERVATION, MANAGEMENT
  • Akdeniz University Affiliated: Yes


The existing natural areas need to be protected for the relationship between tourism and the natural environment to be sustainable. The development of tourism activities in a destination with environmental problems is unlikely. This study investigates the environmental danger level in natural areas visited for tourism purposes in Antalya province. In this study, multicriteria decision-making techniques were used to identify the most endangered and vulnerable natural areas. Thus, 15 natural areas are not open for intensive use, and eight criteria are considered to endanger these natural areas. SWARA and MOORA techniques were integrated into the study. After the SWARA determined the weights of the criteria, the hazard levels of the natural areas were listed by the MOORA Method. According to the criteria weights, the most significant ones were "pollution level"and "carrying capacity," while the least effective criterion was "proximity to the water source." Regarding the MOORA rate and MOORA reference method results, the natural areas with the highest possible level of danger are "Korsan Koyu," "Gizli Koy," and "Ceneviz Koyu." On the other hand, the least dangerous and nondestructive natural areas were "Kizlar Sivrisi" and "Guver Kanyonu."