PV system fuzzy logic MPPT method and PI control as a charge controller


RENEWABLE & SUSTAINABLE ENERGY REVIEWS, vol.81, pp.994-1001, 2018 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 81
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.rser.2017.08.048
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.994-1001
  • Keywords: PV systems, MPPT methods, DC-DC converters, PI control, Charge controllers, CONSTANT-CURRENT
  • Akdeniz University Affiliated: Yes


This paper puts forward to Fuzzy Logic MPPT (Maximum Power Point Tracking) method applied photovoltaic panel sourced boost converter, under variable temperature (25-60 degrees C) and irradiance (700-1000 W/m2) after that the PI control was applied buck converter to behave as a charge controller. The voltage and current of PV panels are nonlinear and they depend on environmental conditions such as temperature and irradiance. Variable environmental conditions cause to change voltage, current and also cause to change maximum available power of PV panels. To increase efficiency and decrease payback period of the system, it needs to operate PV panels at maximum power point (MPP). Under any environment conditions there is unique MPP. To operate PV panels at that point (MPP) there are many MPPT method in literature, FLC MPPT method was preferred in this study because, its rapid response to changing environmental conditions and not affecting by change of circuit parameters. The accuracy of FLC MPPT method used in this system to find MPP changes, from 94.8% to 99.4%. To charge a battery there are two traditional methods which are constant current (CC), and constant voltage (CV) methods. For fast charging with low loss constant current and voltage source is a need. One of the methods providing constant is PI control which used in this study. PI control is not only well developed and a simple technique but also it provides satisfactory results. The goal of this study is operating PV panel at maximum power point under variable environment conditions to increase efficiency and reduce cost and also provide appropriate current and voltage for charging battery to charge quickly, reduce losses and also increase life cycle of battery. This system was established and analyzed in MATLAB/Simulink.