Transgressive segregations for yield criteria in reciprocal interspecific crosses between Cicer arietinum L. and C-reticulatum Ladiz.


EUPHYTICA, vol.213, no.6, 2017 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 213 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10681-017-1903-7
  • Journal Name: EUPHYTICA
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Keywords: Cicer arietinum, C. reticulatum, Interspecific crosses, Transgressive segregations, Fruitful heterosis, SEED SIZE, CULTIVATED CHICKPEA, INHERITANCE, COMPONENTS, RESISTANCE, KABULI, DESI, IDENTIFICATION, PRODUCTIVITY, HERITABILITY
  • Akdeniz University Affiliated: Yes


Wild Cicer species are considered to be more resistant for biotic and abiotic stresses than that of the cultivated chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Alien genes conferring resistance for biotic and abiotic stresses can be transferred from wild Cicer species to the cultivated chickpea but success in interspecific hybridizations has already been achieved with only two wild Cicer species. The current study was undertaken to compare fruitful heterosis in F-2 and F-3 for yield and yield criteria and to identify transgressive segregation in F-2 and F-3 in reciprocal interspecific crosses between C. arietinum and C. reticulatum Ladiz. We define fruitful heterosis as a useful parameter that can be used instead of residual heterosis. Considerable fruitful heterosis in F-2 and F-3 was found for number of seeds, pods per plant, biological yield, and seed yield. Maximum values of most of the characteristics in F-2 and F-3 were higher than that of the best parent indicating that superior progeny could be selected for yield from transgressive segregation. Progeny selection should be based on number of seeds, pods per plant, and biological yield since these characteristics had the highest direct effect on seed yield. The narrow sense heritability was found to be the highest for 100-seed weight. It was suggested that the cultivated chickpea could be used as female parent in interspecific hybridization to increase yield and yield criteria since progeny in F-2 and F-3 had better performance when it was used as female. In conclusion, interspecific hybridization of wild and cultivated chickpea can be used to improve yield and yield components and resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses as well.