Turkish Folk Tales from the Perspective of Russian Researcher Tatyana Anikeyeva

Tan Metres U. E. H., CAN EMİR B.

MILLI FOLKLOR, vol.2020, no.128, pp.76-86, 2020 (AHCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 2020 Issue: 128
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Journal Name: MILLI FOLKLOR
  • Journal Indexes: Arts and Humanities Citation Index (AHCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, International Bibliography of Social Sciences, Linguistics & Language Behavior Abstracts, MLA - Modern Language Association Database, Sociological abstracts, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.76-86
  • Keywords: Turkish folk tale, T. Anikeyeva, urban story, Eastern studies, Russia
  • Akdeniz University Affiliated: Yes


Folklore narratives, which are used as a guide when examining the history and culture of a society, play an important role in the representation of the nation's identity. In this respect, folklore studies lead not only to the field of literature, but also to the studies of sociology, history and cultural science. Turkish culture and Turkish literature have been put under the microscope of many researchers with their unique features that encompass many geographies among the world civilizations, bringing East and West together in the same denominator. Russian researchers have an important place in this study. The interest of the Russian researchers who want to identify the elements of the East, that settled in the Russian culture, and examine the origins and course of this interaction extends to the era of Peter the Great in Russian history. In addition to political and economic issues, the life of Turkish people, traditions, sense of art, and the reflection of Islam in socio-cultural life have also sparked curiosity among researchers. In this context, Turkish folk tales, which include social, artistic and pedagogical elements, have taken a unique place among the Turkish folklore narratives that aroused interest in researchers within this field of study. These folk tales are analyzed in two groups: heroic stories and love stories. While heroic stories carry the genes of verbal culture, epics and true stories, love stories are fed by written sources, Medieval Persian literature and Arabic tradition, as well as verbal culture. Thus, folk tales emerging as a result of intercultural lending are a cultural value that is told not only in Anatolia, but also in neighboring regions of Azerbaijan and Iran. These stories first existed in verbal culture, and then emerged as texts in which heroic stories or fantastic narratives were written. This development of folk tales evolving into prose while being a part of verbal culture, on the verge of literary and cultural life, is a characteristic feature that does not escape the attention of Russian researchers. In other words, it has been demonstrated that the evaluations made for Turkish folklore studies in the context of folk tales cannot be separated from social life. Turcologists Tatyana Anikeyeva, Tatyana Zuyeva, Anatoli Jeltyakov et. al, who conveyed the course of Turkish folk tales through the eyes of Russia, have examined the generic features of Turkish folk tales and many basic works of folk literature, especially the "Dede Korkut Stories", which is accepted as the main source of Turkish folk literature studies. In addition to this, the interaction of Turkish folk tales with the Near East and the Middle East culture, aspects that are similar to the fairy tale genre, the folk poetry tradition and their connection with the folklore theater were emphasized. In this study, Turkish folk tales which exist in two different categories as verbal culture and written text are examined in general terms, within their prominent generic properties, their interactions with different cultures, their thematic and linguistic aspects in the context of the studies carried out by Russian researcher Tatyana Anikeyeva.