In this study, in order to reveal such a causality relationship, the connection between the countries' social capital, economic value perception and political culture and the innovation level was examined with a complex adaptive system perspective and qualitative comparative analysis method. Secondary data from the World Values Survey, the European Values Survey, and the Global Innovation Index were used in the study. The results of the research show that general trust, trust in institutions, norms, economic value perception and political culture affect innovation in different configurations and that less of either of these conditions at the same time has a negative effect. There are notable differences between collectivist countries and individualist countries. The study can also provide a new perspective for research on innovation, which is a complex adaptive system.