Bariatric Surgery and Weight Gain: Bibliometric Analysis

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Obesity Surgery, vol.34, no.3, pp.929-939, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 34 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11695-024-07055-1
  • Journal Name: Obesity Surgery
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.929-939
  • Keywords: Bariatric surgery, Bibliometric analysis, Obesity, Weight regain
  • Akdeniz University Affiliated: Yes


Purpose: Bariatric surgery is the most successful method for weight loss; however, weight regain may occur in the long term. It depends on eating habits and self-management. The study aimed to conduct a bibliometric analysis on bariatric surgery and weight gain and to determine the content and trends in the literature. Materials and Methods: The scan was performed using the keywords “bariatric surgery” and “weight gain” in the Web of Science database. The years of publications and citations, the distribution of publications according to journals, research areas, and countries, co-authorship, co-occurrence, and co-citation were analyzed. The VOSviewer program was used for the analysis. Grey literature, books, and book sections were not included. Results: A total of 988 articles were included. The results showed that the most published and cited journal was Obesity Surgery, and the most published country was the USA with 313 publications. The most commonly used keywords were “bariatric surgery,” “obesity,” and “weight regain.” Harvard University was the most publishing institution with 50 publications. The most published year was 2022 since 1993 (n:118). Conclusion: In the study, current publications and research trends related to bariatric surgery and weight gain were analyzed through bibliometric analysis. It was concluded that weight regain after bariatric surgery should be focused on since it adversely affects the life of individuals, reduces the probability of success of surgical treatment, and imposes additional burdens on the healthcare system. Graphical Abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]