Susceptibility testing of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates to primary antituberculous drugs on chocolate agar: A preliminary study

Coban A. Y., Bilgin K., AKGUENES A., Durupinar B.

MIKROBIYOLOJI BULTENI, vol.42, no.3, pp.477-481, 2008 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 42 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2008
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.477-481
  • Keywords: Mycobacterium tuberculosis, antituberculosis drugs, chocolate agar, susceptibility testing, BLOOD AGAR, RIFAMPIN
  • Akdeniz University Affiliated: No


The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of chocolate agar as an alternative medium instead of Middlebrook 7H10 agar, for the susceptibility testing of Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains against isoniazid (INH), rifampicin (RIF), streptomycin (STR) and ethambutol (ETM). The susceptibility results obtained by chocolate agar were compared with the results of BACTEC 460 TB (Becton Dickinson, Sparks, MD, USA) system which was accepted as the reference method. A total of 25 M. tuberculosis clinical isolates were included to the study and susceptibility testing was performed on malachite green added-chocolate agar with some modifications of proportion method recommended by NCCLS. In our study when comparing the results obtained by chocolate agar with the results of BACTEC 460 TB system, the concordance rates for INH, STIR, RIF and ETM were found as 88%, 88%, 84% and 72%, respectively. The specificity, sensitivity, positive and negative predictive values of susceptibility testing on chocolate agar have been detected as 82.3%, 100%, 72.7% and 100% for INH; 78.5%, 100%, 78.5% and 100% for RIF; 83.3%, 84.2%, 94.1% and 62.5% for STR; 25%, 94.1%, 72.7% and 66.6% for ETM, respectively. The results of the susceptibility testing performed on chocolate agar were obtained on the 21(st) day of incubation for all isolates. In conclusion, the data from our study suggested that chocolate agar can be used as an alternative medium for the susceptibility testing of M. tuberculosis, however, further studies with more isolates are needed for the standardisation of the method.