Photon activation analysis of sand samples from Antalya in Turkey with a clinical electron linear accelerator

EKE C., Bortosun I., Segebade C.

RADIOCHIMICA ACTA, vol.107, no.2, pp.149-156, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 107 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1515/ract-2018-3021
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.149-156
  • Keywords: Photon activation analysis, bremsstrahlung photons, HPGe detector, sand material, X-ray fluorescence, ELEMENTAL CHARACTERIZATION, THALLIUM, NEUTRON, METALS, RATIOS, LEAD
  • Akdeniz University Affiliated: Yes


The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the feasibility of elemental analysis of sand samples by photon activation induced by high energy bremsstrahlung photons at an end point energy of 18 MeV from a clinical electron linear accelerator. The gamma-ray spectra of the activated samples were collected using a high resolution spectrometer. Qualitative analysis of major and trace components of the samples (12 in total) was carried out whilst the spectra of eight of the samples were evaluated quantitatively. The contents of elements obtained by photon activation analysis were compared with values obtained by X-ray fluorescence.