Saphenous vein diameter is a single risk factor for early recanalization after endothermal ablation of incompetent great saphenous vein


VASCULAR, vol.27, no.5, pp.537-541, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 27 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/1708538119837110
  • Journal Name: VASCULAR
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.537-541
  • Keywords: Venous reflux, saphenous vein, endovenous thermal ablation, recurrent varices, varicose veins, ENDOVENOUS LASER-ABLATION, VARICOSE-VEINS, RADIOFREQUENCY ABLATION
  • Akdeniz University Affiliated: Yes


Background and aim The aim of this study was to compare endovenous laser ablation (EVLA) and radiofrequency ablation (RFA) techniques for efficacy and side effects for great saphenous vein (GSV) ablation. Materials and methods Two hundred twenty-one patients and 287 extremities that underwent GSV ablation with EVLA and RFA methods were analysed retrospectively; 135 GSVs were treated with EVLA, 152 GSVs were treated with RFA. Physical examination and Ultrasound (US) records at the first week, first month and third month were evaluated. Recanalization, endothermal heat-induced thrombosis formation, presence of ecchymosis greater than 10 cm and GSV diameter parameters were statistically analyzed. Results In the RFA group, 96.7% of the GSVs that were ablated were occluded at the end of the third month. In the EVLA group, this rate was 92.6%. There was no statistically significant difference between success of ablation (P = 0.118). In the RFA group, ecchymotic areas, that is larger than 10 cm diameter were observed in 16 extremities, whereas in the EVLA group, 66 of 135 (48.9%) limbs were found to have ecchymotic area larger than 10 cm (P < 0.001). More recanalizations were observed in GSVs larger than 10 mm in diameter which was statistically significant (P < 0.001). Conclusion Both EVLA and RFA methods are effective in treating GSV reflux. Compared to the EVLA, less ecchymosis occurs after RFA procedures. Regardless of the type of method used, the GSV diameter is a single predictor of recanalization.