Data Analysis of Heavy Metals in Akkaya Lake Reservoir Soils Using Multivariate Statistical Analysis

Yalçın F.

TURKISH JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURE, vol.9, pp.249-257, 2021 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 9
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Page Numbers: pp.249-257
  • Akdeniz University Affiliated: Yes


Data analysis is important in determining the origin of heavy metals accumulated in reservoir areas of lakes built for irrigation and understanding their toxic effects around agricultural areas. The aim of the study is to determine the behaviors of the heavy metals detected, the relationships among them, and to explain the possible origin of these metals by using multivariate statistical analyzes in the chemical contents of the soils in the Akkaya Lake reservoir area. The abundance of chemical analysis contents is listed as Mg> Al> Fe> S> Ti> Zn> V> As> Cu> Ni> Pb> Co> Mo> Sn> Cd> Hg. There is a high positive correlation between Fe and Mg, Si, K, Co, V, Cu, As, Ni, Zn and Pb. According to factor analysis, the total variance is 72.080 (% cumulative), divided into 3 (tree) factors. There were 3 groups according to the hierarchical cluster analysis and 4 groups according to the cluster analysis of the elements. It is understood that these groups offer similar characteristics among themselves. Multivariate statistical analysis was successful for this study.