Disability and its effects on quality of life among older people living in Antalya city center, Turkey


ARCHIVES OF GERONTOLOGY AND GERIATRICS, vol.40, no.2, pp.213-223, 2005 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 40 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2005
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.archger.2004.08.006
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.213-223
  • Keywords: disability of elderly, WHO-DAS-II, population studies, quality of life, SELF-RATED HEALTH, FUNCTIONAL STATUS, POPULATION, IMPACT, CARE, PREVALENCE, MORTALITY, DISEASE, TRENDS, TIME
  • Akdeniz University Affiliated: Yes


The problems of older people become more prevalent with aging of the population. Occurrence of disability and its effects on living conditions are two of the major factors that determine the quality of life of elderly people. The aim of this study is to find out the frequency and severity level of disability for people aged 65 and older living in Antalya city center. We also aim to determine the effects of disability over living conditions and to detect the variables associated with disability. World Health Organization-Disability Assessment Schedule (WHO-DAS-II) was implemented to 840 people who were selected from the research population with cluster sampling method. Disability status of these 840 people was measured for six different fields of life (domains). The domains that disability was the most frequent were; "participation in society (86.7%)", "getting around (70.2%)" and "life activities (68.8%)". The fields that were found to contain the most severe disabilities were "life activities" (50.5 +/- 32.5 points), "getting around" (40.6 +/- 27.0 points) and "self care" (34.2 +/- 23.4 points). It was found that disability frequency was positively associated with age, number of chronic diseases and number of acute complaints (odds ratios are 1.05, 1.31 and 1.43, respectively). Disability was also found to be 1.71 times more frequent for women, 2.54 times more frequent for people who live in separate houses and 4.50 times more frequent for illiterates. Disability affects the fields of lives of elderly people with rates of 90.4% for "self care", 88.6% for "getting around" and 85.2% for "life activities". For the elderly population participating in our study, disability is most frequently seen in "participation in society", the most severe disability is seen in "life activities" and the most effected field is found to be "self care". These findings must to be incorporated into planning procedures as expenditure is allocated in order to decrease disability. (C) 2004 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.