Long-Term Complete Clinical and Hematological Response With Bortezomib: The Report of a Case With TEM(P)I Syndrome and a Review of the Literature


ÜNDAR L., Atas U., ILTAR U., SALİM O., YÜCEL O. K., ALPSOY E.

Clinical Lymphoma, Myeloma and Leukemia, vol.22, no.9, pp.702-707, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 22 Issue: 9
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.clml.2022.04.018
  • Journal Name: Clinical Lymphoma, Myeloma and Leukemia
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.702-707
  • Keywords: Erythrocytosis, Intrapulmonary Shunt, Monoclonal gammopathy, Perinephric fluid collection, Telangiectasia, TEMPI syndrome
  • Akdeniz University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

© 2022 Elsevier Inc.TEMPI syndrome was first defined in 2011 and classified as a plasma cell neoplasm with associated paraneoplastic syndrome in 2016. The pathogenesis of the syndrome is not well understood. Recognition of a combination of telangiectasia, erythrocytosis with a high erythropoietin level, monoclonal gammopathy, perinephric fluid collection, and intrapulmonary shunt is the first step in managing the disease. Diagnoses are often delayed because the syndrome is rare and can be mistaken for other dermatological, renal, and pulmonary disorders. Without early diagnosis significant disability results from the pulmonary damage. The article we present here describes a clinical case of TEMPI-syndrome in a 58-year-old woman, which illustrates the difficulties associated with the timely recognition of this unusual disease. Here, we also review the clinical features of TEMPI syndrome, differential diagnosis and available treatment options, based on current literature. Although limited in number, with the addition of new patients to the literature, TEMPI syndrome is evolving into a well characterized multisystem syndrome. This rare disorder should not be missed, especially if the patient has a putative diagnosis of essential telangiectasia with a monoclonal gammopathy and polistemia. Increasing the awareness of clinicians about the disease and adding new patient data to the literature may contribute to a better understanding of the pathophysiology of the disease and standardization of treatment.