The Smallpox Vaccine in The Ottoman Empire

Eroğlu H., Dinç G., Şimşek F.

MILLI FOLKLOR, vol.26, no.101, pp.193-208, 2014 (AHCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 26 Issue: 101
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Journal Name: MILLI FOLKLOR
  • Journal Indexes: Arts and Humanities Citation Index (AHCI), Scopus, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.193-208
  • Keywords: Ottoman, Smallpox, Smallpox Vaccine
  • Akdeniz University Affiliated: Yes


It is seen that the Ottoman Empire in the nineteenth century, spent the intensive effort for her vassal despite the political, military and economic troubles. One of the most important health problems in the period smallpox was a great danger, especially for children. The Empire has taken a series of measures against smallpox in order to raise a healthy generation and also to abolish the lack of population. The most important application of these measures was vaccinated against the disease. The smallpox vaccine was conveyed from Europe to extinguish smallpox. Later on founded the house vaccination in the different regions of the country, it was tried to regain the health of those afflicted with the disease. On the other hand, the vaccination especially in public schools and prisons in the living areas where more attention is understood that. Sometimes the school holidays to be taken as measures. By the end of the nineteenth century, especially in the early twentieth century, the four regulations were prepared to eliminate smallpox. Any defects in after each regulation, which will be issued a new regulation, by eliminating all the legal ways to eliminate smallpox is used. To avoid any omissions in the vaccine, particularly the region's administrator responsible for the afflicted families, even families who do not take the smallpox vaccine administered with a fine and punishment. In the Ottoman Empire at that time showed itself in the economic difficulties during the implementation of the smallpox vaccine, and sometimes doctors and also vaccinators could not take any payments due to these economic distress. All these information were reflected in the documents.