Immunohistochemical and ultrastructural changes in the renal cortex of cadmium-treated rats

Asar M., Kayisli Ü. A., Izgut-Uysal V. N., Akkoyunlu G.

BIOLOGICAL TRACE ELEMENT RESEARCH, vol.97, no.3, pp.249-263, 2004 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 97 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2004
  • Doi Number: 10.1385/bter:97:3:249
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.249-263
  • Keywords: rat kidney, poclocyte cell, proximal tubule, distal tubule, fibronectin, type IV collagen, laminin, cadmium chloride, EXTRACELLULAR-MATRIX PROTEINS, MICE ICGN STRAIN, PROCOLLAGEN PRODUCTION, CHLORIDE, METALLOTHIONEIN, ACCUMULATION, NEPHROPATHY, FIBROSIS, KIDNEYS, INJURY
  • Akdeniz University Affiliated: Yes


The aim of this study was to determine the cadmium-induced immunohistochemical and morphological changes in the renal cortex of adult male rats exposed to high doses of cadmium for 30 d. Animals used as controls received a standard diet and water ad libitum. The animals used for this study received 15 ppm CdCl2 in their drinking water for 1 mo. The mean arterial pressure (MAP), the mean blood Cd level, and the mean tissue Cd content were significantly higher when compared to controls (p < 0.01). Immunohistochemical studies demonstrated a weak labeling to type W collagen and laminin, but a strong labeling to fibronectin in the renal cortex of the Cd-treated animals when compared to controls. The ultrastructural alterations found in Cd-treated rats were a diminution in the amount of filtration slits, increased fusion of foot processes in epithelial cells of the glomeruli, increase of lysosomal structures and pinocytic vesicles as well as large mitochondria in proximal tubule cells, and degenerated cells in distal tubules. Additionally, the glomerular basement membrane was slightly thickened. In conclusion, cadmium toxicity results in alterations in the renal extracellular matrix and tubular or glomerular cells, which could play an important role in renal dysfunction.