Phylogenetic relationship among taxa in the genus Pisum L. based on morphological traits


TOKER C., SARI H.

2nd International Conference on Sustainable Agriculture, ICoSA 2019, Yogyakarta, Indonesia, 30 - 31 July 2019, vol.458 identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume: 458
  • Doi Number: 10.1088/1755-1315/458/1/012043
  • City: Yogyakarta
  • Country: Indonesia
  • Akdeniz University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

© Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd.The number of species in the genus Pisum L. has been far from consensus since the species in the genus have been reported as two to five or as monotypic. The aim of the present study is therefore to bring to light phylogenetic relationship on morphological traits in five pea taxa including Pisum sativum L. (garden pea), P. arvense L. (Poiret.) (field pea), P. abyssinicum (A. Braun.) Govorov (Dekoko or Abyssinian pea), P. elatius (M. Bieb.) Aschers. & Graebn. and P. fulvum Sib. & Sm. using multivariate cluster analysis (MCA). According to MCA analysis, P. sativum subsp. sativum var. sativum and P. sativum subsp. sativum var. arvense were clustered in the same group, whereas P. sativum subsp. abyssinicum was closer to these two taxa. Although wild species including P. sativum subsp. elatius and P. fulvum were found to be different from the cultivated species, P. fulvum was distinctly different from the other taxa. Results suggested that the similarity among taxa was found as the following order: P. sativum subsp. sativum var. sativum, P. sativum subsp. sativum var. arvense, P. sativum subsp. abyssinicum, P. sativum subsp. elatius and P. fulvum.