Kayir G. O.

20th International Scientific Conference on Economic and Social Development (ESD), Prague, Czech Republic, 27 - 28 April 2017, pp.427-436 identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • City: Prague
  • Country: Czech Republic
  • Page Numbers: pp.427-436
  • Keywords: Eco-sociology, ecological society, ecological living, transition, eco-citizen, democracy
  • Akdeniz University Affiliated: Yes


The most essential problem of humankind awaiting an urgent solution is the planetary ecological collapse. It is determined that the risks formed in the shape of ecological and high technological risks and threatening every living being in the earth emerge completely in the consequence of decisions taken. Thus there is a need for social change and it is possible to create an ecological society including not only political institutions and economic relations but also consciousness, life style and the meaning attributed to life. Capitalist, growth-based, rent-seeking, anti-democratic and against nature decisions and practices prevent the citizens having an ecological life. The water we drink, the air we breathe, the food we eat, our houses and cities are thoroughly contaminated, made unhealthy by the hands of the capital and ecological principles are ignored. Today in most parts of the world ecological movements have started and the governments have started planning towards an ecological society. One of the ways to prevent the destruction of living spaces of all living creatures; reduce consumption, production, growth, rent-stating society, industrialization, urbanization by means of neoliberal policy is to build a demand on "Ecological Society" and allow a creation of eco-citizenship by enabling citizens' participation. The aim of this study is to search, examine and explain the answers of such questions as "What is an ecological society?", "How is an ecological society formed?" "What principles is an ecological society based on?" and "What are the other ways of citizen participation?" through historical materialism and critical methods. The findings are evaluated through gathering data from United Nations and national formal documents, written and visual materials of non-governmental organizations' demands and actions.