An improved first-order mixed plate element for static bending and free vibration analysis of functionally graded sandwich plates

Van Vinh P., Belarbi M., AVCAR M., CİVALEK Ö.

Archive of Applied Mechanics, vol.93, no.5, pp.1841-1862, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 93 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00419-022-02359-z
  • Journal Name: Archive of Applied Mechanics
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, INSPEC, Metadex, zbMATH, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.1841-1862
  • Keywords: Finite element method, First-order shear deformation, Free vibration, IMQ4, Sandwich plates, Static bending
  • Akdeniz University Affiliated: Yes


© 2023, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.For static bending and free vibration analysis of functionally graded (FG) sandwich plates, a novel, enhanced first-order mixed plate element (IMQ4) is developed in this work. The transverse shear stresses are enhanced by assuming parabolic distribution shear stresses which satisfies the free condition of the transverse shear stresses on the upper and lower surfaces of the plates. Also, the shear correction factor is not required to calculate the shear strain anergy. To develop the basic equations of the proposed element, the mixed finite element formulation is used in conjunction with first-order shear deformation theory. Without the use of the reduced or selective integrations, the current IMQ4 is free of shear-locking phenomenon. For static bending and free vibration analysis, a variety of FG sandwich plates including hardcore, softcore and FG core types are investigated. By comparing the current results to previously published solutions, the performance and dependability of the IMQ4 are analyzed. The proposed element can be useful for analysis, design and testing of FG structures. Finally, detailed parametric analyses are conducted to illustrate the impacts of many factors, such as the layup scheme, the power-law index, and the side-to-thickness ratio on the bending and free vibration of FG sandwich plates.