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Sparham D., Rahımı M., Şahin M.

TURK KULTURU VE HACI BEKTAS VELI - ARASTIRMA DERGISI, vol.105, no.105, pp.129-149, 2023 (Scopus)


This study examines how the ethical and philosophical views of the Revāqiyya school are reflected in Mevlānā's works, especially in his Masnavi. According to the Revāqiyya, perfect harmony and goodness prevail in the universe. God is the one who provides this order in the universe. If humans live in accordance with this order and nature, they will be moral and happy. If the moral intellect dominates human instincts, the right action can be achieved. In this respect, Revāqiyya morality is directly related to practical life. Revāqiyya's ethics and philosophy have influenced many ideas over time. The analysis shows that the ethical views of the Revāqiyya influenced Mevlānā's thoughts to a great extent. When the topics related to human, soul and morality in the Masnavi are analyzed, it is revealed that there are many similarities between the way Mawlānā and the Revāqīs addressed the topics and their perspectives on the subject. Mawlānā combined the philosophy of man in the Sufi tradition and Islamic moral philosophy in his work Masnawī. The moral principles in the Masnavi aim to create a virtuous moral personality. Mawlānā has analyzed the human being's bāṭin in depth and dealt with his egoistic aspects in all details. Mevlânâ accepts morality as ontological values and rules appropriate to human nature. Mawlānā argues that in order for moral unity and integrity to emerge, the individual must be in harmony with nature, have tamed his nafs, and have achieved the unity of matter and meaning. The Revāqīs dealt with man and morality in the same style and manner. Keywords: Stoic School, Masnavî, Shams' Ghazalit, Xenon, Maulana, Moral Components.