Effect Of Tomato Interspecific Hybrid (F1) Rootstocks On Yield And Fruit Quality Traits

KABAŞ A., Kucukaydin H.

Gesunde Pflanzen, vol.75, no.3, pp.603-612, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 75 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10343-022-00725-z
  • Journal Name: Gesunde Pflanzen
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, Environment Index, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, Geobase, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.603-612
  • Keywords: Grafting, Rootstock, Wild tomato species
  • Akdeniz University Affiliated: Yes


© 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Deutschland, part of Springer Nature.Biotic and abiotic stresses are serious problem for tomato production, which is the most produced vegetable both in Turkey and in the world. Rootstocks confer resistance to these biotic and abiotic stresses and are the most economical and environmentally friendly solution for sustainable tomato production. This study aimed to determine the effects of different interspecific rootstock candidates developed from crosses between the wild tomato species (S. habrochaites and S. penelli) and S. lycopersicum on yield and fruit quality. To achieve this aim, newly developed and control (Beaufort F1, Arazi F1, Amaron F1, Kingkong F1) rootstocks were grafted with Torry F1 variety using tube grafting method. Grafted rootstocks were grown in a randomized block design with 3 replications and 20 plants in each replication. In this study, yield, plant and fruit characteristics, and grafting traits such as rootstock length (cm), rootstock thickness (cm), scion length (cm), scion thickness (cm), and number of leaves (number) were analyzed. Beaufort F1 and Amaron F1 cultivars had the highest yield with 6.95 and 6.61 kg plant−1, while rootstocks developed in the present study (R19B-005 and R19B-015) yielded value of 6.24 and 6.22 kg plant−1, respectively. Similar results were determined in terms of fruit weight, but there was no significant difference between fruit color values. In addition, disease resistance genes such as Frl, Mi, I‑2, Ty‑1, Ty‑3 and Sw‑5 were screened in the study. As result, rootstock candidates had the Frl, I2 and Mi genes. Recently developed interspecific hybrids can be used as rootstocks in tomato production.