THINK TANKS AND NGO'S


ÖZGÜZEL S.

ICOSRESSE, vol.5, no.17, pp.166-176, 2017 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 5 Issue: 17
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Journal Name: ICOSRESSE
  • Journal Indexes: Other Indexes
  • Page Numbers: pp.166-176
  • Akdeniz University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

 

Abstract

Non-governmental organisations constitute one of the essential components of democracy in democratic societies.

Non-governmental organisations appeared in Europe in the second half of the 19th century. As a result of industrialisation and modernisation, there were especially Catholic and Protestant religious institutions, non-religious institutions and non-governmental organisations that worked for labour movement in Europe in the second half of the 19th century. The gap between the governing and the governed was filled by Think Tanks and communication networks of NGO’s in the beginning of the 20th century, as sociologist Jollesstates.This is because industrialisation brought about urbanisation and prosperity, and there was a struggle to share it. After World War II, as the idea of individualism developed from 1960’s on, non-religious organisations gained speed. Today, the power that keeps the Dutch society together is over one hundred thousand NGO’s it has. The Netherlands is one of the countries with an advanced education, democracy and thus advanced non-governmental organisations. The emergence of non-governmental organisations was quite late compared to Europe and America as a result of the fact that democracy is still developing in Turkey and it has a mostly central governing structure.

Bigger NGO’s have their own autonomous Think Tanks. The Think Tanks, which work on a wide range of fields from safety to water management in the Netherlands, come up with new strategies to support the industry and trade and thus the economy of the Netherlands, a small, yet developed country. The Netherlands ranks the second in Europe regarding the membership to NGO’s and volunteering. 80% of the society is members of non-governmental organisations or volunteers. These non-governmental organisations, as one of the most basic components of the democracy, influence both local and regional level governors and also national and international level governors and their decisions. In this sense, it is known that NGO’s in Turkey cannot influence the decisions of governors except a few areas. Inside information on water management: People of the Netherlands, who were under the threat of floods in the 1200’s, had to come to a consensus against their “natural enemy: water” when they realized that floods would sweep everyone without exception. Since then, consensus has been the basis of their communication culture on the road to democracy.

Keywords: Level of Education, Level of Democratization, Transparent Communication, Consensus, Volunteering.