Evaluation of Microscopic Examination, Culture and Polymerase Chain Reaction Tests in the Diagnosis of Trichomonas vaginalis Infection


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Yazısız H., Koyuncu Özyurt Ö., Ozturk Eryıgıt F., Özhak B., Öngüt G., Ozekinci M., ...More

MIKROBIYOLOJI BULTENI, vol.54, no.1, pp.135-143, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 54 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.5578/mb.68828
  • Journal Name: MIKROBIYOLOJI BULTENI
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, BIOSIS, EMBASE, MEDLINE, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.135-143
  • Keywords: Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, sexually transmitted infection, Trichomonas vaginalis, PREVALENCE, SPECIMENS, CHLAMYDIA
  • Akdeniz University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are important as a public health problem all over the world. There are some difficulties in prevention and control programs of STIs due to clinical and laboratory diagnostic problems.The most common STIs are Chlamydia trachomatis infections, trichomoniasis and gonorrhea. The study aimed to investigate the direct microscopic examination, culture and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) tests in the diagnosis of Trichomonas vaginas infection; to determine other microbiological agents that may cause vaginal discharge and to evaluate the various social variables in women with vaginal discharge admitted to the outpatient clinic of Obstetrics and Gynecology in Akdeniz University Hospital. Two hundred and fifteen patients were enrolled in the study. The socio-demographic features of the patients were recorded. Vaginal/endocervical swab specimens taken from patients were evaluated by microscopic examination. Swab specimens were inoculated into blood agar, MacConkey agar and chocolate agar for bacterial culture. Modified Trichosel broth with 5% horse blood (Becton Dickinson, USA) was used for Trichomonas spp. culture. The presence of C.trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, and T.vaginalis in swab samples were investigated by multiplex PCR assay (BD Max CT/GC/TV, Becton Dickinson, USA). At least one pathogen was detected among 65 (30.3%) samples. T.vaginalis was detected by microscopic examination and PCR in four of 215 (1.9%) patients. Existence of yeast morphology was observed in 21 (9.8%) specimens by microscopic examination. Twenty four (11.2%) patients were diagnosed as bacterial vaginosis microscopically according to Nugent score system. Candida species grew in 32 (14.9%) and Streptococcus agalactiae grew in 2 (0.9%) of the specimens. C.trachomatis was detected in 2 (0.9%) samples and N.gonorrhoeae in 1 (0.5%) sample by PCR. In this study, 95.3% of the patients were married and 96.7% had only one sexual partner in the mean time. The rate of detection of pathogens were statistically higher in women who have had two or more pregnancies (p< 0.05). In our study, T.vaginalis together with N.gonorrhoecre and C.trachomatis were investigated by PCR method in women with vaginal discharge. The use of multiplex PCR test allowed simultaneous investigation of multiple pathogens in the patient samples.