Isolation of Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus from ostriches with conjunctivitis and respiratory disease

Sahinduran S.

REVUE DE MEDECINE VETERINAIRE, vol.155, no.3, pp.167-169, 2004 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 155 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2004
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.167-169
  • Keywords: conjunctivitis, ostriches, respiratory disease, treatment, STRUTHIO-CAMELUS
  • Akdeniz University Affiliated: No


Fourthynine (10-12 months old, 30 males and 19 females) ostriches were kept in the small pen with high levels of ammonia and insufficient ventilation for two months in winter. After two months in sixteen ostriches (12 females and 4 males) respiratory problems were observed. Clinical signs included loss of appetite, ocular and nasal discharge, conjunctivitis and dyspnea. Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli were isolated from the nasal cavity and conjunctiva. In according to antibiogram results, isolated microbial agents were the most susceptible to amoxycillin and clavulanic acid combinations. All sick animals were treated with amoxycillin and clavulanic acid combinations (7mg/kg, I.m., for 3 days) and administered corticosteroidal ointment for treating conjunctivitis for one week. All birds responded to treatment.