Aggregation behavior and electrophoretic mobility of red blood cells in various mammalian species

Baskurt O., Bor-Kucukatay M., Yalcin O., Meiselman H.

BIORHEOLOGY, vol.37, no.5-6, pp.417-428, 2000 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 37 Issue: 5-6
  • Publication Date: 2000
  • Journal Name: BIORHEOLOGY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.417-428
  • Keywords: RBC aggregation, electrophoretic mobility, polymer depletion, comparative, dextran, AQUEOUS-PHASE SYSTEMS, RHEOLOGIC PROPERTIES, CELLULAR PROPERTIES, ERYTHROCYTES, AGGREGABILITY, RAT, MEMBRANES, HORSE
  • Akdeniz University Affiliated: No


Differences of red blood cell (RBC) aggregation among various mammalian species has been previously reported for whole blood, for RBC in autologous plasma, and for washed RBC re-suspended in polymer solutions. The latter observation implies the role of cellular factors, yet comparative studies of such factors are relatively limited. The present study thus investigated RBC aggregation and RBC electrophoretic mobility (EPM) for guinea pigs, rabbits, rats, humans and horses; RBC were re-suspended in isotonic 500 kDa dextran solutions for the EPM and aggregation measurements, with aggregation studies also done in autologous plasma. Salient results included: (1) species-specific RBC aggregation in both plasma and dextran (horse > human > rat > rabbit congruent to guinea pig) with a significant correlation between aggregation in the two media; (2) similar EPM values in PBS for rat, human and horse, a lower value for guinea pig, and a markedly reduced EPM for rabbit RBC; (3) EPM values in dextran with a rank order identical to that for cells in PBS; (4) relative EPM results indicating formation of a polymer-poor, low viscosity depletion layer at the RBC surface (greatest depletion for horse RBC). EPM-aggregation correlations were evident and generally consistent with the Depletion Model for aggregation, yet did not fully explain differences between species; additional studies at various ionic strengths and with various dextran fractions thus seem warranted.