Development and psychometric properties of the Caring Behaviors Assessment Tool Nursing Version-Short Form


International Journal for Quality in Health Care, vol.32, no.10, pp.701-707, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 32 Issue: 10
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1093/intqhc/mzaa134
  • Journal Name: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, CAB Abstracts, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, PAIS International, Psycinfo
  • Page Numbers: pp.701-707
  • Keywords: Caring Behaviors Assessment Tool Nursing Version-Short Form, Theory of Human Caring, Nursing, psychometric properties, SYSTEMATIC REVIEWS, PERCEPTIONS, NURSES, BIAS, CARE
  • Akdeniz University Affiliated: Yes


© 2020 The Author(s). Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of International Society for Quality in Health Care. All rights reserved.Objectives: To develop and examine the psychometric properties of the Caring Behaviors Assessment Tool Nursing Version-Short Form (CBAN-SF) based on the Theory of Human Caring to assess the nurses' perceptions about caring behaviors. Design: This study is based on the Consensus-based Standards for the Selection of Health Measurement Instruments checklist. Setting: The study was conducted at the medical-surgical services of Akdeniz University Hospital between October 2019 and January 2020. Participants: This study was conducted with 216 nurses working in the surgery and internal clinics. Main Outcome Measures: Psychometric properties of the Turkish version of the CBAN-SF with 27 items. Results: It was found that the Content Validity Index (CVI) for the items of the draft scale was between 0.972 and 1.00 and the instrument's CVI had an average score of 0.994. The CBAN-SF had good fit indexes (chi-square goodness of fit / degrees of freedom = 2.914, root mean square error of approximation = 0.075, comparative fit index = 0.984, non-normed fit index = 0.983, normed fit index = 0.972 and standardized root mean square residuals = 0.054) in structural validity. For internal consistency, the Cronbach's alpha, Spearman-Brown and the Guttman split-half coefficients were all 0.974. The Cronbach's alpha coefficient for the seven subfactors of the scale ranged between 0.793 and 0.904 and had acceptable internal consistency. The item-total score correlation of the scale was 0.648-0.829, and the factor loadings were 0.455-0.769. Conclusion: The structural validity, internal consistency and content validity of the CBAN-SF supported to be a reliable and valid tool for assessment of caring behaviors by nurses.