Fission of Relativistic Nuclei with Fragment Excitation and Reorientation

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Bertulani C. A., KÜÇÜK Y., Lozeva R.

PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS, vol.124, no.13, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 124 Issue: 13
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1103/physrevlett.124.132301
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Chemical Abstracts Core, Compendex, EMBASE, INSPEC, MEDLINE, zbMATH, DIALNET
  • Akdeniz University Affiliated: Yes


Experimental studies of fission induced in relativistic nuclear collisions show a systematic enhancement of the excitation energy of the primary fragments by a factor of similar to 2, before their decay by fission and other secondary fragments. Although it is widely accepted that by doubling the energies of the single-particle states may yield a better agreement with fission data, it does not prove fully successful, since it is not able to explain yields for light and intermediate mass fragments. State-of-the-art calculations are successful to describe the overall shape of the mass distribution of fragments, but fail within a factor of 2-10 for a large number of individual yields. Here, we present a novel approach that provides an account of the additional excitation of primary fragments due to final state interaction with the target. Our method is applied to the U-238 + Pb-208 reaction at 1 GeV/nucleon (and is applicable to other energies), an archetype case of fission studies with relativistic heavy ions, where we find that the large probability of energy absorption through final state excitation of giant resonances in the fragments can substantially modify the isotopic distribution of final fragments in a better agreement with data. Finally, we demonstrate that large angular momentum transfers to the projectile and to the primary fragments via the same mechanism imply the need of more elaborate theoretical methods than the presently existing ones.