Acaricidal activity of Satureja thymbra L. essential oil and its major components, carvacrol and gamma-terpinene against adult Hyalomma marginatum (Acari: Ixodidae)

ÇETİN H., Cilek J. E., ÖZ E. K., AYDIN L., Deveci O., YANIKOĞLU A.

VETERINARY PARASITOLOGY, vol.170, no.3-4, pp.287-290, 2010 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 170 Issue: 3-4
  • Publication Date: 2010
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.vetpar.2010.02.031
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.287-290
  • Keywords: Acaricidal, Essential oil, Hyalomma, Satureja thymbra, Tick control, CONGO HEMORRHAGIC-FEVER, ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY, CHEMICAL-COMPOSITION, TURKEY, PEST, WILD
  • Akdeniz University Affiliated: Yes


The acaricidal activity of a volatile essential oil hydrodistillate of Satureja thymbra L (Lamiaceae) and its major constituents, carvacrol and gamma-terpinene, were evaluated against field-collected unfed adult Hyalomma marginatum. The distillate was tested against this tick species at 5, 10, 20, and 40 mu L/L while the two major components were each tested at 10 mu L/L. Generally, tick mortality to the S. thymbra distillate increased with concentration and exposure time. Ticks exposed to vapors from cotton wicks containing at least 40 mu L/L resulted in complete (100%) mortality at 3 h. The lower concentrations provided >= 90% mortality at 3 h post treatment with complete mortality at 24 h. Knockdown was observed only in the carvacrol and gamma-terpinene treatments. Ticks exposed to carvacrol-treated wicks produced >93% knockdown at 3 h but at 24 h approximately 57% were dead. The gamma-terpinene treatment produced >= 90% knockdown at 105 min through 3 h but at 24 h only about 87% of the ticks were dead. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.