Estimation of outcome of umblical diseases based on clinical examination: a retrospective study involving 332 calves.

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Yanmaz L. E., Doğan E., Okumuş Z., Kaya M., Hayırlı A.

ISRAEL JOURNAL OF VETERINARY MEDICINE, vol.72, no.2, pp.40-44, 2017 (SCI-Expanded)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 72 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.40-44
  • Akdeniz University Affiliated: Yes


This study was conducted to determine relationship between clinical score and the outcome of umbilical diseases (UDs). Medical records of 322 calves with various UDs were compiled retrospectively. Each calf was given clinical score based on findings (i.e., rectal temperature, heart and respiration rates, appetite, presence of coughing and diarrhea, joint involvement and day to diagnosis) at clinical examination. Calves with umbilical hernia complicated with umbilical abscess had the highest clinical score (16.21±0.35), whereas calves with umbilical hernia had the lowest clinical score (2.29±0.38). Sensitivity and specificity of the clinical score at the cut-off value >15 for the clinical outcome (dead, n=16, 5% vs. recovered, n=306, 95%) were 100% and 91.5%, respectively. In conclusion, the clinical score has a merit for estimating the clinical outcome in cases of UDs. The surgeon skill/experience, factors causing UDs, and postoperative management may also affect the clinical outcome, which were not considered in the present research.