Components from the Essential Oils from Two Origanum Species as Larvicides Against Euproctis chrysorrhoea (Lepidoptera Lymantriidae)

Erler F., ÇETİN H.

JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND URBAN ENTOMOLOGY, vol.26, no.1, pp.31-40, 2009 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 26 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2009
  • Doi Number: 10.3954/1523-5475-26.1.31
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.31-40
  • Keywords: Brown tail moth chemical composition, essential oil Euproctis chrysorrhoea, larvicidal activity, Lepidoptera, Lymantriidae, Orig anum species, BROWN-TAIL MOTH, THAUMETOPOEA-WILKINSONI TAMS, PINE PROCESSIONARY MOTH, GREENHOUSE PESTS, ONITES L., TURKEY, OREGANO, MONOTERPENOIDS, TOXICITY, VULGARE
  • Akdeniz University Affiliated: Yes


The larvicidal potential of the essential oils from Origanum onites L and O minutiflorum (O Schwarz & P H Davis) (Labiatae) and their commercially available components (carvacrol, thymol, gamma terpinene, and terpinen 4 ol) was investigated against the brown tail moth, Euproctis chrysorrhoea (L) (Lepidoptera Lymantriidae) an important pest of agricultural and forest crops in southwestern Turkey This pest is also a public health concern due to the urticating hairs of its larvae The chemical composition of these essential oils was also determined by gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC MS) Carvacrol was the major component of both O onites and O minutifulorum essential oil, at 29 6% and 56 1%, respectively The oils and components were bioassayed against 4th instars of E chrysorrhoea at concentrations ranging from 0 0625% to 0 50% All materials tested showed larvicidal activities in a concentration dependent manner Topical applications of the essential oils from O onites and O minutiflorum applied at 80 mu l of solution per larva were highly toxic with LC(50) values of 522 and 1076 ppm, respectively Of the four commercial components tested, thymol and carvacrol were the most active (LC(50) = 367 and 424 ppm, respectively) The other two components, gamma terpinene and terpinen 4 ol were also toxic with LC50 values of 1172 and 2126 ppm, respectively Our overall results suggest that the essential oils from O rides and O minutiflorum and their components may be potential alternatives to synthetic insecticides for the control of brown tail moth larvae