We construct generating functions for beta-type rational functions and the beta polynomials. By using these generating functions, we derive a collection of functional equations and PDEs. By using these functional equations and PDEs, we give derivative formulas, a recurrence relation and a variety of identities related to these polynomials. We also give a relation between the beta-type rational functions and the Bernstein basis functions. Integrating these identities and relations, we derive various combinatorial sums involving binomial coefficients, some old and some new, for the beta-type rational functions and the Bernstein basis functions. Finally, by applying the Laplace transform to these generating functions, we obtain two series representations for the beta-type rational functions. (C) 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.