Relationships Between The Parent Material on Soil on Red Mediterranean Soil


ALTUNBAŞ S., Sarı M.

M.Şefik Yeşilsoy International Symposium On Arid Region, İzmir, Turkey, 21 - 24 September 1998, pp.363-369

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • City: İzmir
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.363-369
  • Akdeniz University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

In this study, genetic relationships between the characteristic the parent material of Red Mediterranean Soils found on top of limestone in the vicinity of Antalya and the characteristics of the body of soil have been investigated taking into account the morphological, physical, chemical and mineralogical characteristics of the soils in question. As the area of study, soils located on limestone places land extending from the Kadındağı hill to the North of Antalya southwards as for as the Mediterranean were chosen and a total of six soil profiles from this area were examined.

 

In studies of the  six soil profiles, it was established that  there existed certain conformities between the characteristics of the parent material of these soils and the characteristics of the main soil body as well as serious discordances in terms ceratin characteristic. The first of these discordances established is that there is a significant diference in the free Iron content between the main soil body of the profiles and their existing parent material on which this has formed. In the sixs soil profiles examined as a whole, while the body of the soil contained  on average of 2.6 % iron content of the existing parent material was average 0.6 %. The second discordance established is that although the clay mineralogy of the soils in question shows very close harmony with the parent material on certain horizons, their clay mineralogy is considerably different on some other horizons. In fact it was determined that the pressed clay of the parent material and of several horizons immediately above it was of the smectite type, while at the upper levels of the profiles in particular the pressed clay type was kaolinite.  

 

Key words: Terra rosa, clay mineralogy, fe content