Evaluation of the naturally-derived insecticide spinosad against Culex pipiens L. (Diptera : Culicidae) larvae in septic tank water in Antalya, Turkey

Cetin H., Yanikoglu A., Cilek J. E.

JOURNAL OF VECTOR ECOLOGY, vol.30, no.1, pp.151-154, 2005 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 30 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2005
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.151-154
  • Keywords: Culex pipiens, biological control, spinosad, septic tank, GROWTH-REGULATORS, MOSQUITO LARVAE, EFFICACY
  • Akdeniz University Affiliated: Yes


The naturally-derived insecticide spinosad (Conserve (R) SC) was evaluated against larval Culex pipiens L. (Diptera: Culicidae) under laboratory and field conditions in Antalya, Turkey. Laboratory bioassays showed that the 24 h LC50 and LC90 against late 3(rd) and early 4(th) instars were estimated at 0.027 and 0.111 parts per million, respectively, while adult emergence was eliminated at concentrations above 0.06 ppm. Larval mortality from septic tanks that were treated with spinosad at rates of 25, 50, 100, and 200 g ai/ha ranged between 22 to 78% 1 day after application. At 7 days post-treatment, larval mortality ranged from 2 to 50% and at 14 days mortality was < 10% for all treatments. Larval bioassays of the water from those septic tanks treated at 100 and 200 g ai/ha resulted in an elimination of Cx. pipiens larvae 7 days after treatment. After this time, larval reduction declined to 79 and 83%, respectively, 14 days after treatment. Larval reduction in septic tanks treated at the two lowest rates (i.e. 25 and 50 g ai/ha) ranged from 14 to 74% during the 14-day study. These results indicated that spinosad can be considered an effective larvicide for treatment of septic tanks against Cx. pipiens.