A grounded theory study to explore the digital gameplay experiences of adolescents at risk of addiction in Turkey


Journal of Pediatric Nursing, vol.63, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 63
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.pedn.2021.10.019
  • Journal Name: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, ASSIA, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, DIALNET
  • Keywords: Addiction, Adolescents, Digital games, Grounded theory, Nursing
  • Akdeniz University Affiliated: Yes


© 2021 Elsevier Inc.Purpose: This study aimed to explore the experiences of adolescents at risk of digital game addiction in Turkey. Design and methods: Guided by a grounded theory design, data were collected from 14 adolescents through one-on-one in-depth interviews between January and April 2021. Simultaneous data collection and analysis involved theoretical sampling, constant comparison, and memo writing. Open, axial, and selective coding were used in data analysis, while analytic coding identified the core category and subcategories and provided the foundation for the substantive theory. Results: The core category, “I want to limit my time playing digital games, but I need the support of my family to do so,” demonstrated the adolescents' awareness of their situation. The analysis yielded an interpretive theory comprising three inter-related categories: causal factors, effects on life, and solution pathways. Conclusions: The participants' reasons for playing digital games included meeting their need for socialization and passing the time. However, digital gaming affects adolescents physically, psychosocially, and culturally. Solutions include early childhood education and family support, which can significantly reduce the risk of digital game addiction. Practice implications: Preventing digital game addiction is an important goal, and identifying risks contributing to digital game addiction is fundamental to establishing preventive measures. This study's findings may increase awareness of the subject for teachers, school nurses, and parents. Among the potential remedial measures are future studies focused on preventing digital game addiction and adding instruction to school curricula regarding necessary and beneficial uses of digital technologies.