The effectiveness of mandala drawing in reducing psychological symptoms, anxiety and depression in hospitalised adolescents with cancer: A randomised controlled trial


GÜRCAN M., ATAY TURAN S.

EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CANCER CARE, vol.30, no.6, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 30 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/ecc.13491
  • Journal Name: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CANCER CARE
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Psycinfo
  • Keywords: adolescent with cancer, anxiety, depression, mandala, nursing, psychological symptom, PEDIATRIC ONCOLOGY PATIENTS, ART-THERAPY, CHILDREN
  • Akdeniz University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Objective This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of individual mandala drawing methods on psychological symptoms, anxiety and depression in hospitalised adolescents with cancer. Methods A randomised controlled trial design with repeated measures was conducted. The study was carried out in a paediatric haematology and oncology clinic in Turkey. The study protocol is registered at NCT04297982. The study sample consisted of 60 hospitalised adolescents aged between 12 and 17. Participants were randomly assigned to receive two 1- to 2-h mandala drawing sessions (intervention group, n = 30) or routine care only (control group, n = 30). Each adolescent was assessed using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and the Memorial Symptom Assessment Scale (Psychological subscale) questionnaires and was evaluated at baseline and after 5 days. Results The anxiety and depression scores significantly decreased in the intervention group, compared with the control group, after 5 days of intervention, F(1, 57) = 28.9, p < 0.01, eta(2) = 0.337. Similarly, the psychological symptoms scores significantly decreased in the intervention group, compared with the control group, F(1, 57) = 69.7, p < 0.001, eta(2) = 0.550). Conclusion The individual mandala activity intervention was effective in reducing on psychological symptoms, anxiety and depressive symptoms in adolescents with cancer.