Cold-stress-induced modulation of antioxidant defence: role of stressed conditions in tissue injury followed by protein oxidation and lipid peroxidation


Sahin E., Gumuslu S.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BIOMETEOROLOGY, vol.48, no.4, pp.165-171, 2004 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 48 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2004
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00484-004-0205-7
  • Journal Name: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BIOMETEOROLOGY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.165-171
  • Keywords: cold stress, antioxidant enzymes, reduced glutathione, protein oxidation, lipid peroxidation, AGE-RELATED-CHANGES, SUPEROXIDE-DISMUTASE, ENZYME-ACTIVITIES, GLUTATHIONE-PEROXIDASE, RAT ERYTHROCYTES, EXPOSURE, IMMOBILIZATION, BIOMARKERS, METABOLISM, CATALASE
  • Akdeniz University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine the effects of cold stress on antioxidant enzyme activities and examine protein oxidation and lipid peroxidation in various tissues (brain, liver, kidney, heart and stomach). Twenty male Wistar rats (3 months old) weighing 220 +/- 20 g were used. The rats were randomly divided into two groups of ten: the control group and the cold stress group. Cold stress was applied to the animals by maintaining them in a cold room (5degreesC) for 15 min/day for 15 days. Blood samples were taken for measuring plasma corticosterone levels. Tissues were obtained from each rat for measuring the antioxidant enzyme activities, protein oxidation and lipid peroxidation. Corticosterone levels were increased in the cold stress group. Copper, zinc superoxide dismutase activities were increased in the brains, livers and kidneys, whereas they decreased in the hearts and stomachs of rats in the cold stress group. Catalase activities were increased in the brains, livers, kidneys and hearts, whereas they decreased in the stomachs of rats in the cold stress group. Selenium-dependent glutathione peroxidase activities were increased in the brain, liver, heart and stomach. Reduced glutathione levels were decreased, while levels of protein carbonyl, conjugated diene and thiobarbituric-acid-reactive substances were increased in all tissues of the cold stress group. These results lead us to conclude that cold stress can disrupt the balance in an oxidant/antioxidant system and cause oxidative damage to several tissues by altering the enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidant status, protein oxidation and lipid peroxidation.