Acrylamide exposure among Turkish toddlers from selected cereal-based baby food samples


CENGİZ M. F. , BOYACI GÜNDÜZ C. P.

FOOD AND CHEMICAL TOXICOLOGY, vol.60, pp.514-519, 2013 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 60
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.fct.2013.08.018
  • Journal Name: FOOD AND CHEMICAL TOXICOLOGY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.514-519
  • Keywords: Acrylamide, Exposure, Toddler, Cereal-based baby food, GAS-CHROMATOGRAPHY, MASS-SPECTROMETRY, MAILLARD REACTION, DIETARY EXPOSURE, POPULATION, ADOLESCENTS, ASPARAGINE, FOODSTUFFS, PRODUCTS, CHILDREN
  • Akdeniz University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

In this study, acrylamide exposure from selected cereal-based baby food samples was investigated among toddlers aged 1-3 years in Turkey. The study contained three steps. The first step was collecting food consumption data and toddlers' physical properties, such as gender, age and body weight, using a questionnaire given to parents by a trained interviewer between January and March 2012. The second step was determining the acrylamide levels in food samples that were reported on by the parents in the questionnaire, using a gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) method. The last step was combining the determined acrylamide levels in selected food samples with individual food consumption and body weight data using a deterministic approach to estimate the acrylamide exposure levels. The mean acrylamide levels of baby biscuits, breads, baby bread-rusks, crackers, biscuits, breakfast cereals and powdered cereal-based baby foods were 153, 225, 121, 604, 495, 290 and 36 mu g/kg, respectively. The minimum, mean and maximum acrylamide exposures were estimated to be 0.06, 1.43 and 6.41 mu g/kg BW per day, respectively. The foods that contributed to acrylamide exposure were aligned from high to low as bread, crackers, biscuits, baby biscuits, powdered cereal-based baby foods, baby bread-rusks and breakfast cereals. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.