Clinical evaluation of R202Q alteration of MEFV genes in Turkish children


ÇOMAK E., AKMAN S., KOYUN M., Dogan C. S., Gokceoglu A. U., Arikan Y., ...More

CLINICAL RHEUMATOLOGY, vol.33, no.12, pp.1765-1771, 2014 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 33 Issue: 12
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10067-014-2602-6
  • Journal Name: CLINICAL RHEUMATOLOGY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1765-1771
  • Keywords: Children, Familial Mediterranean fever, MEFV gene, R202Q, FAMILIAL MEDITERRANEAN FEVER, FIBROMYALGIA SYNDROME, POPULATION-GENETICS, GREEK PATIENTS, FMF, MUTATIONS, COHORT, ASSOCIATION, DISEASE
  • Akdeniz University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

To date, over 200 alterations have been reported in Mediterranean fever (MEFV) genes, but it is not clear whether all these alterations are disease-causing mutations. This study aims to evaluate the clinical features of the children with R202Q alteration. The medical records of children with R202Q alteration were reviewed retrospectively. A total of 225 children, with 113 males, were included. Fifty-five patients were heterozygous, 30 patients were homozygous for R202Q, and 140 patients were compound heterozygous. Classical familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) phenotype was present in 113 patients: 2 heterozygous and 7 homozygous R202Q, 46 double homozygous R202Q and M694V, and 58 compound heterozygous. The main clinical characteristics of the patients were abdominal pain in 71.5 %, fever in 37.7 %, arthralgia/myalgia in 30.2 %, arthritis in 10.2 %, chest pain in 14.6 % and erysipelas-like erythema in 13.3 %. The frequency of abdominal pain was significantly lower in patients with homozygous R202Q alteration (p = 0.021), whereas patients with heterozygous R202Q mutations, though not statistically significant, had a higher frequency of arthralgia/myalgia (40.0 %, p = 0.05). R202Q alteration of the MEFV gene leads to symptoms consistent with FMF in some cases. This alteration may be associated with a mild phenotype and shows phenotypic differences other than the common MEFV mutations.