An instance for gushing problems based on circulatory disorder in pressurized viscous borings: Nevsehir - Gulsehir, Yakatarla CO2 drilling Basınçlı akışkan sondajlarında dolaşım bozukluǧundan kaynaklanan fışkırma sorununa bir örnek: Nevşehir - Gülşehir, Yakatarla CO2 sondajı

YALÇIN M. G. , Şener M.

Jeoloji Muhendisligi Dergisi, vol.33, no.2, pp.117-142, 2009 (Refereed Journals of Other Institutions) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 33 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2009
  • Title of Journal : Jeoloji Muhendisligi Dergisi
  • Page Numbers: pp.117-142
  • Keywords: Carbondioxide, Circulatory disorder, Gulsehir, Gushing, Nevşehir, Rotary drilling, Yakatarla


In the method of rotary drilling used in investigations of natural gas, petrol, geothermal souces and natural CO2, one of the problems encountered during progress is the problem of gushing (evacuation) problem. In order to prevent this mostly encountered problem in such drillings, no: S-1 Yakatarla (Nevsehir - Gulsehir) Carbon dioxide investigation drilling is chosen as pilot drilling and the detection of possible gushing problem and necessary technique precaution options for the application of this problem serve as the aim of this study. The stop of gushing problem of no: S-1 drilling is to prevent slumping- collapse in well, continue drilling by applying suitable isolation processes and to enable the completion of the well. In the no: S-1 drilling well built in discordant alluvium on upper Miocene-Pliocene aged Tuzkoy formation, considering the formation to be sheared and underground water level, bored with 0-36 m. 15 1/2" drill, 0 to 30 m.; the outer of pipe 10" and inner part of 1 m. pipe in base part cemented as 1. isolation (1,8 gr/cm3, 3 m3) and 1.46 m3 displacement fluid is used. Then, 29 to 60m. is bored with 9 5/8" drill and 0 to 60m. the outer of 8" pipe (approximately 0,5 m3), inner part of 5m. pipe in base part and the field discharged by gushing (approximately 3,5 m3) is cemented as 2. isolation (1,9 gr/cm3, 4 m3) and 1,51 m3 displacement fluid is used. Moreover, 60 to 74m. is bored with 7 5/8" drill against collapse and 0 to 74m. is made 3. isolation without being cemented because of squeezing with pipe. The first sand gushing in the well occurred between 50-60m. the problem is prevented by mass mud and 2. isolation process. Later on, advancing along 60-90m. with 7 5/8"drill gushing is experienced again but the free-weight of drilling mud between 60-90m. could not prevent gushing and gas burst. During gushing, fine grained yellow/green sand approximately 5 m3, CO2 gas and haline water outlet are observed. In order for the well to advance safely considering the pressured applied by mud on the well and gushing pressure, new mud of barite (125 kg.) + bentonite (250 kg.) + cement (250 kg.) + clay 3 m3 mixture is prepared. Gushing is decelerated by the new mixture, gushing in the well is completely stopped by reaming process in well, advancement is sustained by keeping this rate till the completion of well. First of all 66 to 74m. has swelled too much. Advancement is sustained in high swelling featured clay stone between 90-145m., sandstone between 145-158m., clay stone between 158-170m., clay stone banded sandstone between 170-180m. and the well is stopped in clay stone between 180-205m. The equip is in the shape of 0-36m. close, 36-40m. filtered pipe. 7 1/2" sleeve is fixed between upper 4. and 5. pipes. As a result of the study, it is put forward that in order to prevent gushing in drillings planned in the area the mud density should be above 1,8-1,9 (gr/cm3), and in order to carry isolation process easily; the diameter of the well start should be as wide as 22" or 25".