In this article, we examine a family of some special numbers and polynomials not only with their generating functions, but also with computation algorithms for these numbers and polynomials. By using these algorithms, we provide several values of these numbers and polynomials. Furthermore, some new identities, formulas and combinatorial sums are obtained by using relations derived from the functional equations of these generating functions. These identities and formulas include the Apostol-type numbers and polynomials, and also the Stirling numbers. Finally, we give further remarks and observations on the generating function including lambda-Apostol-Daehee numbers, special numbers, and finite sums.